How to Treat a Water Infection at Home

Do you have a water infection that needs treatment? You don’t need to rush to the doctor. This article will guide you through common treatments you can do at home to relieve the infection.

Quick facts: Treating Water Infection At Home

  • ✅ Boiling water is a very effective method of treating water contamination at home (World Health Organization, 2019).
  • ✅ Over 1.8 billion people use a drinking water source contaminated with fecal matter (World Health Organization, 2017).
  • ✅ Filtering water using a clean cloth, sand and gravel can help to remove visible particles, dirt, and some bacteria (CDC, 2019).
  • ✅ Chlorine and iodine are commonly used as disinfectants to treat water contamination at home (CDC, 2019).
  • ✅ Over 2 billion people worldwide lack access to safely managed drinking water services (UNICEF & WHO, 2017).

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A water infection, also known as waterborne illness, is an infection caused by exposure to contaminated water. Common causes include exposure to bacteria or parasites from contaminated drinking water, swimming in contaminated lakes and ponds, or contact with infected soil. Symptoms of a water infection can vary depending on the cause of the contamination but may include fever, stomach cramps, vomiting and diarrhea. In some cases more serious complications can occur such as dehydration.

Treating a water infection at home can be done through several steps including:

  • Identifying and avoiding the source of the contamination if possible.
  • Drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Taking over-the-counter medications for symptom relief.
  • Minimizing physical activity during recovery time.

In addition to these practices being beneficial in treating a person at home with a water infection, it is important to contact a doctor immediately if symptoms persist or worsen as further medical treatment may be necessary.

Causes of Water Infections

Water infections can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from a lack of hygiene, to drinking contaminated water, to contact with a contaminated surface. While most commonly caused by bacteria, water infections can also be caused by viruses, fungi, and parasites.

It is important to understand the potential sources of water infection in order to prevent it from occurring:

  • Lack of hygiene
  • Drinking contaminated water
  • Contact with a contaminated surface

Bacterial Infections

Bacterial infections are the most common cause of water infections. Bacteria can be found naturally in the environment, but can also come from contaminated sources, such as untreated well water or poorly maintained swimming pools. Common bacterial causes of water infections include E. coli and Legionella pneumophila.

These bacteria thrive in warm and moist environments, so a hot shower or bath is an ideal environment for their growth. Symptoms of a bacterial infection may include fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, fatigue and muscle aches. Treatment usually involves a course of antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing the infection.

Viral Infections

Viral infections are one of the most common causes of water infection. Viruses can invade the urinary tract and surrounding tissues, resulting in inflammation, pain and discomfort. Common symptoms of a viral infection include burning during urination, an increased urge to urinate, cloudy urine with an unpleasant odor, and fatigue.

Diagnosis is usually based on medical history, physical examination, blood test and urine analysis. Treatment typically involves antibiotics to clear up the infection and reduce pain. Sometimes antiviral medications may be needed as well. It is important to take all medications as prescribed by your doctor in order to prevent further complications.

Parasitic Infections

Parasitic infections are caused by parasitic organisms found in water. Parasites can enter your body when you consume contaminated food or drink contaminated water. This can occur directly, such as when swimming in lakes and rivers, or indirectly through contact with an infected person or animal.

Common examples of parasites that cause water infections include:

  • Giardia lamblia
  • Cryptosporidium parvum
  • Entamoeba histolytica

These parasites can cause abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. If you have any of these symptoms after consuming contaminated food or drinking contaminated water it is important to seek medical attention to get tested for a parasitic infection. Treatment for a parasitic infection is usually done through medications prescribed by your doctor.

Symptoms of Water Infections

Water infections, or bacterial infections of the bladder, are common and are usually caused by a urinary tract infection. Some of the more common symptoms of a water infection include:

  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • An increased urge to urinate
  • Cloudy or bloody urine
  • Abdominal pain or cramping

In some cases, a person may experience fever, nausea, or vomiting. It is important to be aware of these symptoms so that you can seek proper medical treatment.


Fever is one of the most common symptoms of water infection. A person with a water infection may experience fever from 102°F (38.8°C) to 104°F (40°C). This type of fever usually does not last for more than one day. Other associated symptoms can include chills, nausea and headaches.

A person with a fever should get plenty of rest and fluids, which can help reduce their temperature. Additionally, ibuprofen or other fever-reducing medications may be used to reduce fevers lasting longer than 24 hours.

If the fever persists, or if it is accompanied by severe pain or confusion, seek medical attention immediately as this could be an indication of further complications of a water infection.


Nausea is one of the most common symptoms associated with a water infection. It is an uncomfortable feeling in the stomach and throat, characterized by an urge to vomit. It can be caused by a variety of conditions, including dehydration, food poisoning, motion sickness, and other medical conditions. Water infections can also cause nausea as toxins and bacteria accumulate in the body.

Nausea is usually accompanied by abdominal pain, bloating, and discomfort. Other symptoms such as fever and diarrhea may also be present if you are suffering from a water infection. If you experience any of these symptoms after consuming contaminated water or having contact with contaminated surfaces, seek urgent medical care.


Vomiting is a common symptom of a water infection and can be caused by the infection in the bladder (or urinary tract) irritating the body. This can cause an upset stomach and nausea, eventually leading to vomiting.

If you are experiencing vomiting as a result of a water infection, it is important to drink plenty of clear fluids and other fluids that will replace lost electrolytes, such as sports drinks or coconut water. Avoid caffeinated or alcoholic beverages as they can further dehydrate you.

If your vomiting continues for more than 24 hours, then it is important to see a doctor in case your water infection has developed into something more serious such as meningitis or sepsis.


Diarrhea is one of the most common symptoms of water infections, and can range from mild to severe. It is important to note that diarrhea does not always have to accompany a water infection. The main indicator for a water infection is the presence of an abnormal number of fecal coliform bacteria in the water supply.

Diarrhea caused by water infections is generally accompanied by nausea, cramps and fever.

Diarrhea can also be treated at home with over-the-counter medications such as Imodium or Kaopectate, as well as rest and plenty of fluids. In more serious cases, it may be necessary to seek medical attention and receive antibiotics to treat the underlying infection.

To help prevent further dehydration due to diarrhea, it is important to drink lots of clean, safe drinking water or oral rehydration solution.

Diagnosis of Water Infections

Diagonsing a water infection is an important step in the treatment process. This can help you determine the cause of the infection, find the best way to treat it and decide if more serious medical treatment is needed.

Let’s take a look at the different ways to diagnose water infections:

Physical Exam

Part of the diagnosis for a water infection will include performing a physical exam. During the exam, your doctor may look for clues that could indicate where the infection is located and what type of bacteria may be causing it. This could include looking at your symptoms, such as fever, chills, and body aches, as well as noting any visible signs like redness in the area of infection.

Your doctor may also use a stethoscope to listen for changes in your heart rate or breathing that could suggest that you have an underlying condition that is causing or aggravating your water infection. Finally, they may use tests such as

  • blood samples
  • urine samples
  • imaging scans

to further investigate and confirm their diagnosis.

Lab Tests

Lab tests are the most accurate way to diagnose a water infection. Lab tests involve taking a sample of urine or submitting a stool sample to be tested for bacteria, fungi, and/or viruses.

Common lab tests that are used to diagnose water infections include:

  • Urinalysis – This test checks for abnormal levels of proteins, sugars, ketones, and nitrites in the urine which can indicate the presence of bacteria or other microorganisms in the body.
  • Stool Sample – This test looks at stool samples to determine if there is an overgrowth of bacteria or other microorganisms in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Culture Tests – These tests involve taking a swab from the site of infection (such as the urethra) and sending it off to a lab to be treated with antibiotics. The presence of any organisms found in this culture will indicate what type of infection is present.

Depending on the results from lab tests, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics or recommend natural remedies for treating your water infection at home.

Home Remedies for Water Infections

Water infection can be an uncomfortable and painful condition if it’s not treated properly. Thankfully, there are some home remedies and natural ways to address the infection and prevent it from returning. Here, we will discuss some of the home remedies that can be used to treat a water infection:

Drinking Plenty of Fluids

Drinking plenty of fluids is one of the best home remedies for a water infection. Fluids dilute the concentration of bacteria and their toxins in the urine, which can help to flush out the bacteria from your bladder and reduce inflammation.

The most effective fluids are pure water, unsweetened cranberry juice, natural vegetable juices (like carrot or beet juice), and green tea. Avoid sugary drinks that contain artificial sweeteners which can actually feed the bacteria instead of flushing them out. It’s important to note that caffeine can irritate the bladder, so limit coffee and soda intake. Aim for at least 64 ounces (8 cups) of fluids per day to keep your body hydrated and help flush out the bad bacteria.

Eating Probiotic-Rich Foods

Eating probiotic-rich foods such as kefir, yogurt, sauerkraut, kimchi, miso and tempeh can help balance the levels of beneficial flora in your gut. This can help to boost your body’s natural defenses against harmful bacteria and promote a healthy immune system. Eating more probiotic-rich foods may also help reduce the frequency of water infections.

Additionally, consuming fermented food and drinks can also increase beneficial bacteria in your gut to support digestion and overall health. Fermented food sources include yogurt, kefir, kombucha tea and apple cider vinegar.

A healthy diet containing plenty of fiber from fruits, vegetables, legumes and whole grains may also help relieve water infection symptoms by promoting regular bowel movements.

Taking Antibiotics

When it comes to treating water infections, antibiotics are the most common form of treatment. Some doctors will prescribe an antibiotic such as trimethoprim or nitrofurantoin to treat the infection, while others may suggest a course of antibiotics that have been specifically designed for urinary tract infections (UTIs).

Antibiotics are usually taken for between three and seven days, depending on the severity of the infection. They can also be taken as a single dose in some cases. It is important to finish your course of antibiotics to ensure that the infection is completely cleared. If you start feeling better before you’ve finished your antibiotics, it’s important to continue taking the medication until it’s all gone. Otherwise, there’s a chance that the infection could return.


In conclusion, while it is possible to treat a water infection at home, it is recommended that individuals see their healthcare provider if symptoms do not improve. Additionally, individuals should drinking plenty of fluids and get lots of rest. It is also important to practice good hygiene habits. These include properly cleaning surfaces and objects that come in contact with the mouth, nose, or eyes and regularly washing hands with soap and water.

Finally, individuals should make sure to take any prescribed medication as directed until symptoms are completely gone.

FAQs about: Treating Water Infection At Home

Q: What are the common symptoms of water infection?

A: Common symptoms of water infection include diarrhea, abdominal pain, cloudy or bloody urine, fever, chills, and pain during urination.

Q: Can you treat water infection at home?

A: Yes, in some cases you can treat water infection at home. Drinking plenty of fluids, taking over-the-counter pain relievers, and avoiding foods that can make your symptoms worse can help. You should also try to avoid caffeine and alcohol, as these can make your symptoms worse.

Q: What other home remedies can help with water infection?

A: Some home remedies that may help with water infection include drinking cranberry juice, taking probiotics, and eating yogurt with live active cultures. You can also try taking a warm bath or heating pad to help relieve discomfort. Additionally, drinking chamomile tea may help reduce inflammation.

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