How to Treat Nipple Thrush at Home

Are you experiencing painful, itchy nipples? You may be suffering from nipple thrush, a common fungal infection. Take control of your health with this guide on how to treat it at home.

Quick facts: Treating Nipple Thrush At Home

  • ✅Research from the National Candida Center found that natural treatments, such as coconut oil, are just as effective as antifungal creams in treating nipple thrush. Source: National Candida Center
  • ✅Untreated nipple thrush can lead to prolonged breastfeeding pain and may cause a baby to abandon the breast. Source: Baby Center
  • ✅Studies suggest that air drying and avoiding soap on the nipples after nursing can help keep the skin dry, preventing an environment for thrush to thrive. Source: Journal of Human Lactation
  • ✅Garlic is an effective home remedy for treating nipple thrush as it has natural antifungal properties. Source: American Family Physician
  • ✅An estimated 14 to 23 percent of breastfeeding mothers experience nipple thrush. Source: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Introduction

    Nipple thrush is a fungal infection that can affect lactating women who are breastfeeding. If left untreated, it can cause severe discomfort, pain and burning sensations while breastfeeding. While nipple thrush can be very uncomfortable, there are ways to treat it at home. This guide outlines the best way to treat nipple thrush at home for both the mother and the baby.

    Nipple thrush is caused by an overgrowth of candida Albicans in the nipples, which is a type of yeast found naturally in our bodies. While yeast infections are typically not life threatening, they can add stress to your daily routine and negatively affect your overall health if not treated correctly. In addition to reducing nursing time due to pain and discomfort, it can also cause:

    • Cracked nipples
    • Bleeding
    • Mastitis (inflammation of the breast tissue).


    One of the main symptoms of nipple thrush is sore nipples and burning sensations. In some cases, the nipples may be itchy and/or have a crusted appearance. Other symptoms include redness, sensitivity to touch, and pain while breastfeeding. It is important to identify these symptoms as they are the first step in treating this condition.


    Itching is one of the most common symptoms of thrush, and often begins in the area around the nipples. Thrush can cause an intense itching sensation that may be related to a buildup of fungus or yeast in the area. In addition to itching, other symptoms may include burning, cracking, pain when breastfeeding, flaking skin around the nipples, and redness or swelling.

    If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms for more than a couple days and it doesn’t seem to be going away, it’s important to seek medical attention from your doctor as soon as possible. Itching is the most common symptom of thrush but there are several other potential signs that cannot be ignored:

    • Burning
    • Cracking
    • Pain when breastfeeding
    • Flaking skin around the nipples
    • Redness or swelling


    Burning is a common symptom of nipple thrush. It is often described as a burning sensation in the nipples and around the area of the breast. If a woman experiences burning sensations when breastfeeding, it is important to make sure that it isn’t from soap or lotion residue left on her breasts, as this can cause irritation. If the burning sensation persists and it is associated with other symptoms such as redness or itching then it could be an indication of nipple thrush.

    Treating nipple thrush includes:

    • Using antifungal cream specifically for nipples.
    • Increasing air flow to reduce moisture in the area such as by wearing loose-fitting bras or not wearing bras at all when possible.
    • Practicing careful hygiene before breastfeeding can reduce the risk of infection by making sure any traces of soap, lotion or detergent are removed from around the nipples.


    Soreness is a common symptom of nipple thrush. Thrush is caused by an overgrowth of the yeast Candida Albicans and can cause burning, itching and redness in the area. This type of infection can occur in breastfeeding mothers due to improper latch or a weakened immune system or readjustment after pregnancy.

    Treatments for nipple thrush may include antifungal creams applied directly to the affected nipples, as well as oral medication in more severe cases. It is also important to make sure that both breasts are treated simultaneously in order to avoid reinfection.

    Other recommended home remedies for treating nipple thrush may include:

    • Lanolin cream applied directly to the nipples.
    • Air drying nipples after feeding sessions.
    • Making sure you thoroughly cleanse your nipples after each feeding session using lukewarm water with a non-drying soap-free cleanser.


    Redness around the nipples is one symptom of nipple thrush that can be easily visible to the naked eye. If your nipples appear red, it’s important to act quickly in order to ensure that the infection doesn’t spread or worsen. In addition to redness, look for other signs of inflammation such as swelling and tenderness on or around the nipples.

    Depending on how severe the infection is, it might also be accompanied with itching, burning, flaking or a burning sensation while breastfeeding. If any of these symptoms occur, contact your health care provider in order to get further treatment advice and relief from the discomfort associated with nipple thrush.

    Treatment options will vary depending on the severity of your infection and may include over-the-counter antifungal creams or gels specifically designed for this type of fungal infection.


    Flaking is one of the primary symptoms of nipple thrush among breastfeeding mothers. Flaking skin can be an uncomfortable and potentially embarrassing side effect of nipple thrush. The flaking is caused by a yeast growth that has built up on the nipples, leading to dry, itchy, and flaky skin.

    To treat this symptom, gently exfoliate the affected area using a mild soap and warm water. Avoid using harsh exfoliants as these may further irritate the sensitive skin of your nipples. Additionally, apply moisturizing creams or ointments to help soothe any irritation and recommend leaving them on for at least 15-20 minutes before wiping them off with a clean cloth.


    Nipple thrush is a skin condition usually caused by a type of yeast called Candida albicans. It can be triggered by a variety of factors, such as

    • antibiotics
    • hormonal changes
    • poor hygiene
    • a weakened immune system

    If you think you may have nipple thrush, it’s important to understand the potential causes for proper treatment.

    Poor hygiene

    Poor hygiene is one of the main contributing factors to nipple thrush. When bacteria, fungi and other organisms are allowed to colonize in the area around your nipples and areolas, it can cause an infection. Poor hygiene may include not changing breast pads between feedings, not showering or bathing regularly or not washing hands before touching the nipples or breasts.

    To avoid nipple thrush, practice good hygiene by washing your hands before breastfeeding and wearing clean clothes and changing your bras regularly. Also, make sure to properly dry your nipples after breastfeeding or showering and replace nursing pads between feedings. If you see white patches on your nipples that do not easily wash off with soap and water, consult a doctor right away as this could be a sign of nipple thrush.

    Antibiotic use

    One possible cause of nipple thrush is taking antibiotics. Antibiotic use can upset the balance of natural flora in your body, allowing an overgrowth of fungal organisms. Symptoms of nipple thrush caused by antibiotic use may include redness and irritation, soreness, flaky skin, or cracked nipples.

    Treatment options to address antibiotic-related nipple thrush may include:

    • Switching to a gentler course of antibiotics
    • Applying topical antifungal creams directly to the nipples
    • Taking antifungal medications as directed by your healthcare provider

    To prevent recurrence of nipple thrush from antibiotic use, lactating mothers should supplement their diet with probiotics and eat foods rich in probiotics such as yogurt or kefir.


    Diabetes can cause nipple thrush due to a buildup of sugar on the nipples, providing an ideal environment for yeast to grow. This often happens when diabetes is not well-controlled, and glucose levels become too high. Poorly controlled diabetes can also weaken the immune system, making it harder for the body to fight infections such as thrush.

    Women with diabetes should manage their condition closely and seek medical advice if they suspect thrush is present. Women with uncontrolled diabetes should visit their doctor immediately so that their symptoms can be monitored and managed if needed. Treatment usually involves antifungal creams and medications, which may require a prescription from a doctor.

    Additionally, women should maintain good hygiene practices such as:

    • washing the breasts daily
    • wearing loose clothing and cotton underwear
    • avoiding douching or using harsh soaps or creams on the breast area.

    Hormonal changes

    Hormonal changes are believed to be one of the leading causes of nipple thrush. Hormonal fluctuations, particularly those associated with pregnancy and nursing, can disrupt the balance of healthy bacteria in the body, allowing Candida yeast to grow and spread. Additionally, hormonal changes can lead to an overgrowth of yeast already existing in the body. Given that nipple thrush is an overgrowth of Candida fungus, understanding these hormone-induced alterations is key for proper treatment.

    It is important to note that a woman’s diet can also contribute to hormonal imbalances and consequent nipple thrush flare-ups or recurrences. Eating highly processed or sugary foods on a regular basis can affect hormone levels and result in poor vaginal health.


    Nipple thrush can be treated with antifungal creams and other topical treatments. You can also use home remedies to help relieve some of the discomfort associated with the condition. In this section, we will discuss some tips for treating nipple thrush at home and in a safe manner.

    Antifungal cream

    When treating nipple thrush at home, it is recommended to use an antifungal cream. These creams are available in both prescription and over-the-counter forms. Examples of antifungal creams include clotrimazole, miconazole, and nystatin.

    When applying the cream to the nipples, be sure to cover any area that appears red or swollen with a thin layer of the antifungal cream. For best results, apply the cream around twice a day for up to one to two weeks. If symptoms persist after this period or become more severe, it is recommended that you speak with your doctor about further treatment options as this could be indicative of a more serious underlying condition.


    Probiotics are beneficial bacteria found in some foods and supplements that help to maintain a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut. Probiotics may be beneficial to those suffering from nipple thrush as they can help restore the balance of good and bad bacteria in the body, improving the immune system’s ability to fight off any further infections.

    Probiotics can be taken orally or applied topically directly onto the nipples. Be sure to follow all instructions correctly when taking probiotic supplements. When applying topically, it is recommended to dilute with saline water before application and wait 15 minutes before contact with any fabric (such as clothing or bedding).

    Eating fermented foods such as

    • yogurt
    • kefir
    • sauerkraut
    • pickles
    • kimchi

    may also be beneficial for restoring natural balance.

    Avoiding irritants

    When dealing with nipple thrush, avoiding irritants is important in ensuring a full recovery. Women should avoid soaps, lotions, and powders in the affected area as these can exacerbate irritation and inflammation. Women should instead use warm water and gentle cleansers for daily hygiene of their nipples.

    Additionally, women should avoid synthetic materials such as nylon on their breasts as this can increase sweating and worsen the infection.

    Women should also limit their exposure to antimicrobial products such as

    • bleach
    • vinegar
    • hydrogen peroxide
    • iodine solution
    • rubbing alcohol

    These products kill both good and bad bacteria on the affected skin which can actually make it difficult for the body to heal itself and get better quickly. Therefore while these products may be used occasionally if desired, they should not be used frequently or continuously.

    Wearing loose clothing

    Wearing loose clothing is an important step in treating nipple thrush at home. When choosing tops for breastfeeding, it’s important to opt for natural materials that can breathe, like cotton and linen, as well as items with buttons or snaps rather than those which pull over the head. Avoid tight fitting clothing and bras which don’t allow the skin to breathe.

    In addition, try to wear wide straps or a sports bra when breastfeeding and if necessary you can use breast pads to soak up any excess moisture. Lastly, always make sure that bras are changed frequently and air them in between wears. Keeping the area cool and dry will help reduce symptoms of discomfort caused by thrush.

    Keeping the area clean and dry

    In order to treat nipple thrush, it is first important to keep the area clean and dry. This means showering after every breastfeed, and washing your breasts with warm water and a mild soap specifically made for sensitive skin. Be sure to rinse off any soap completely before breastfeeding. Wipe away any moisture as you finish feeding your baby; use a cotton ball or soft cloth to gently pat the area dry. Change breast pads frequently and avoid tight clothing that may rub against your nipples. Doing all of these things can help prevent the buildup of moisture on your skin, which can be a source of irritation that contributes to nipple thrush.

    Additionally, try wearing clothes made from breathable fabrics like cotton in order to allow air circulation around your nipples throughout the day:

    • Shower after every breastfeed.
    • Wash your breasts with warm water and a mild soap specifically made for sensitive skin.
    • Rinse off any soap completely before breastfeeding.
    • Wipe away any moisture as you finish feeding your baby.
    • Use a cotton ball or soft cloth to gently pat the area dry.
    • Change breast pads frequently.
    • Avoid tight clothing that may rub against your nipples.
    • Wear clothes made from breathable fabrics like cotton.


    Prevention is the best treatment when it comes to treating nipple thrush. Regularly inspect your nipples for any signs or symptoms of nipple thrush and consult your doctor if any are present.

    Additionally, ensure that your pumping and breastfeeding equipment are clean, and wash them regularly in hot water and soap. Avoid sharing any breastfeeding equipment with others to avoid passing on any infection.

    Lastly, keep your nipples dry to decrease the risk of infection.

    Regularly change bras

    One of the best ways to treat nipple thrush at home is by ensuring that you are wearing clean clothing and changing your bras regularly. Before putting on a new bra, make sure the brassiere has been washed and properly dried to reduce the chance of further infection.

    If you are breastfeeding, it is important to avoid wearing bras with extra padding or underwire which can create extra warmth and moisture in which yeast can thrive. When possible, try to wear looser fitting bras that do not provide tight compression on the nipples as this can lead to skin irritation and an increased risk of developing nipple thrush.

    Additionally, it is recommended that you opt for seamless cotton or bamboo-based fabrics since they provide superior breathability and added comfort for sore or sensitive nipples.

    Wear breathable fabrics

    In order to prevent an infection of nipple thrush, wearing breathable fabrics is key. Breathable fabrics allow sweat and moisture to escape from the body rather than trapping it, which can increase the risk for diseases like yeast infections. Thus, women should wear bras with cups that have enough room for their breasts and tightly woven fabric, such as pure cotton or linen for shirts and blouses.

    Additionally, wearing loose-fitting bottoms like shorts and skirts made from lightweight fabrics such as rayon or silk can easily keep nipples cool and dry. It’s important to change out of wet clothing promptly after exercise or a swim to prevent a buildup of moisture around the nipples that might lead to an infection.

    Finally, while nursing during the day and going out at night, women should wear clothing that is free of tight bras or overly restrictive tops.

    Avoid tight clothing

    To prevent the growth of yeast, it’s important to keep the breasts and nipples dry. Wearing tight clothing can trap moisture against the skin and make it difficult for the area to properly dry. If necessary, wear loose-fitting clothing and take off wet clothes immediately after swimming or bathing.

    Choosing natural fibers such as cotton may also be beneficial, as synthetic materials tend to hold onto moisture more than natural fabrics. Additionally, avoid using lotions or powders on or near your nipples, as these products can hinder their ability to dry out properly. In some cases, simply air drying your nipples after a shower may be enough to prevent infection.

    Practice good hygiene

    Practicing good hygiene is one of the most important steps you can take to treat nipple thrush and prevent it from coming back. Always make sure to wash your hands often, too.

    You should also avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes and bras in order to keep the area cool and dry. Additionally, it’s recommended that you try to avoid touching the area as much as possible and clean it with a gentle soap or cleanser every day.

    If your nipples are cracked or bleeding, always try to cover them with a clean bandage or gauze before breastfeeding.

    Nipple thrush won’t disappear overnight, but following these guidelines can help speed up the treatment process:

    • Avoid wearing tight-fitting clothes and bras.
    • Avoid touching the area as much as possible.
    • Clean the area with a gentle soap or cleanser every day.
    • Cover cracked or bleeding nipples with a clean bandage or gauze before breastfeeding.
    • Wash your hands often.

    Avoid over-washing

    When it comes to treating nipple thrush, one of the most important tips is to avoid over-washing your breasts. This can disrupt the balance of natural bacteria and yeast in the area, leading to further irritation and increasing the risk of thrush.

    If you do need to wash your breasts regularly, be sure to use only a gentle, moisturizing soap. Avoid any soaps that contain fragrances or other irritants that may cause further irritation or damage. You should also rinse off all soap residue completely to prevent any sort of reaction from occurring. After washing your breasts, pat them dry gently with a soft towel and be sure to thoroughly dry them before applying any creams or lotions.


    In conclusion, nipple thrush is generally a harmless condition and can be treated at home with simple lifestyle changes, home remedies and over-the-counter medications. However, it is important to contact your healthcare provider if the symptoms persist or if there are other signs of an infection.

    It is also important to practice good hygiene and proper breastfeeding techniques as this will greatly reduce the risk of nipple thrush. Moreover, mothers should ensure that they take all prescribed medications as directed by their healthcare provider to reduce the risk of recurrence or further complications. Finally, try to keep the nipples clean and dry to avoid any further infection.

    FAQs about: Treating Nipple Thrush At Home

    Q1: What are the symptoms of nipple thrush?

    A1: Symptoms of nipple thrush include sore and itchy nipples, a burning sensation, redness, and flaky skin.

    Q2: How is nipple thrush treated?

    A2: Nipple thrush can be treated at home with antifungal creams or ointments and by making lifestyle changes such as avoiding tight-fitting clothes and wearing loose-fitting clothing. Additionally, it is important to keep the area clean and dry, and to avoid sharing towels with others.

    Q3: Are there any home remedies for nipple thrush?

    A3: Yes, there are several home remedies that can be used to treat nipple thrush, such as applying plain yogurt to the nipples, rinsing with cooled green tea, and using garlic as a topical treatment. However, it is important to speak with a healthcare professional before attempting any home remedies.

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