Physical Therapy for QL Muscle

Are you struggling with QL muscle pain? Physical therapy can help you overcome this problem and get back to doing the activities you love. Let’s explore how PT can help you reduce pain and improve mobility.

Quick facts: Physical Therapy For Ql Muscle

  • ✅ Physical therapy is an effective way to reduce pain and increase functional mobility in patients with quadratus lumborum (QL) muscle pain. (American Physical Therapy Association)
  • ✅ Trunk stabilization exercises are a common type of physical therapy used to treat quadratus lumborum muscle pain. (Physio-pedia)
  • ✅ Active Release Technique (ART) is an effective treatment for quadratus lumborum pain due to its ability to restore blood flow and improve muscle movement. (American College of Sports Medicine)
  • ✅ Patients with quadratus lumborum pain often experience associated pain in the lower extremities, including the hips and lower back. (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)
  • ✅ Massage therapy can be beneficial for people with quadratus lumborum pain by helping to reduce stress, improve flexibility and reduce tension. (American Massage Therapy Association)

Checkout this video:


Quadratus Lumborum muscle, also known as the QL, is one of the deepest muscles located in the lower back. Pain and tightness from QL muscle can cause pain and discomfort in the lower back and hips.

Physical therapy interventions can be used to treat QL muscle tightness and improve overall mobility and stability. In this article, we will discuss the basics of physical therapy for QL muscle and the overall benefits of treatment.

Overview of QL Muscle

The quadratus lumborum muscle is often referred to as the QL. It is located in the lower back and is used in lateral bending, hip movement, and stabilizing the pelvis. It can get overstretched from activities such as sitting for long periods of time or repetitive movements such as climbing the stairs.

The QL muscle can be a source of pain for some people and physical therapy can help address this issue. Physical therapy for QL muscle includes:

  • Stretching to reduce tension in the muscles which can improve posture, spinal stability and overall comfort when moving.
  • Strengthening exercises to focus on increasing muscular endurance so that these muscles are better able to support your body’s movements without enduring strain or overstretching.
  • Manual therapy to address soreness in this region with specific techniques being used to relax tightened tissues or encourage proper recruitment of muscles around painful areas.


Pain in the QL muscle can range from mild to severe. Common symptoms include sharp or aching pain in the lower back, typically on one side of the body. Other symptoms may include:

  • Difficulty becoming upright from a seated position
  • Tenderness to touch in the affected area
  • Tightness of the muscles
  • Joint stiffness

Physical therapy is an effective treatment for addressing these symptoms.

Common Symptoms of QL Muscle Injury

The Quadratus Lumborum (QL) muscle is a common source of low back pain. It’s located deep down in the back, running from the bottom of the ribs to just above the hip bones. When this muscle is injured or overworked, it can cause pain, tightness and/or discomfort in your lower back.

Common symptoms of a QL muscle injury include:

  • localized low back pain;
  • tightness/stiffness in your lower back;
  • burning sensation in your low back;
  • difficulty bending or stretching;
  • difficulty with activities such as reaching, twisting or lifting; and
  • soreness when pressure is applied on the QL muscle.

It’s important to note that while these symptoms may point towards a QL injury, they may also indicate other underlying causes. As such, it’s best to seek out medical advice if you’re experiencing any of these symptoms. A physiotherapist can properly assess and diagnose the cause of your pain and provide treatment accordingly.


The Quadratus Lumborum (QL) muscle is a deeper abdominal muscle located in the lower back. Pain in this area can be caused by a variety of factors, including weak core muscles, poor posture, and injury. The good news is that it can be treated with physical therapy.

Let’s explore the various causes that might lead to QL muscle pain:

Common Causes of QL Muscle Injury

The quadratus lumborum (QL) muscle is a deep muscle of the low back and core located between the ribcage and hip. It is responsible for both stabilizing the spine as well as assisting in movement. Injury or strain to the QL muscle can be incredibly painful and can cause great discomfort. Fortunately, physical therapy for QL muscle injuries is highly effective in relieving symptoms.

There are several common causes of QL muscle injuries, including:

  • Repetitive motions such as lifting heavy loads.
  • Poor posture during extended periods of sitting.
  • Engaging in high-impact activities like running or plyometrics.
  • Direct blows to the back or sudden twists.
  • Poor form while performing certain exercises such as squats or dead-lifts.

It is important to note that if someone experiences any pain in their midback that persists more than a few days despite rest and home remedies it may be time to seek help from a medical professional like a physical therapist who can properly assess and diagnose an injury.


Diagnosis is an important step in determining the best course of action for treating an injury. It is important for physical therapists to get a complete understanding of the injury before beginning a physical therapy treatment plan. This involves not only a medical history but also a physical examination of the area in question.

In the case of the QL muscle, a thorough assessment of the injury should be done to determine the necessary treatment.

Diagnostic Tests for QL Muscle Injury

Diagnostic tests for Quadratus Lumborum (QL) muscle injury involve physical examination, imaging studies, and electromyography (EMG). During physical examination, your doctor will assess the area of tenderness associated with a QL muscle injury. Imaging studies such as X-ray or CT scan may help detect bony abnormalities that may cause the injury. Electromyography is mainly used to identify nerve damage in the area.

During an EMG test, a thin needle electrode is inserted into your muscles to record electrical signals generated by nerve impulses. This test helps determine if a nerve has been damaged due to a QL muscle injury.

Physical therapy for QL muscle injuries focuses on:

  • Strengthening exercises
  • Flexibility and mobility exercises

These exercises help improve and restore function of the affected area.


Physical therapy can be an effective treatment for quadratus lumborum (QL) muscle pain. Physical therapy activities such as stretching and strengthening exercises can help reduce the pain and improve your mobility. In addition, physical therapy can help you learn new ways of moving to reduce the strain on your QL muscle.

Let’s explore some of the treatment options that physical therapy can offer:

Types of Physical Therapy for QL Muscle Injury

Physical therapy is commonly used to treat QL muscle injuries. It involves a combination of exercise, manual techniques, and other methods to reduce pain, improve function, and restore mobility.

Types of physical therapy for QL muscle injuries include:

  • Stretches for the lower back, hips, and glutes;
  • Strengthening exercises with weights or resistance bands;
  • Ultrasound therapy;
  • Electrical stimulation;
  • Traction (stretching) of the spine;
  • Soft tissue massage; and
  • Joint mobilization.

A physical therapist can develop a personalized treatment plan to help reduce pain while restoring range of motion and strength. They may also suggest lifestyle modifications such as healthy eating habits and ways to prevent future injuries. With proper rehabilitation, people can recover from QL muscle injury while regaining full health.

Exercises for QL Muscle Injury

Exercises are commonly used as part of physical therapy to treat injuries to the Quadratus lumborum (QL) muscle. The QL muscle is located on the posterior side of the body, in the lumbar region. It is responsible for stabilizing and controlling movements involving rotation of the trunk and pelvis, and it aids in movement of the abdomen and lower back. When injured, this muscle can cause pain and limited range of motion of these areas.

Physical therapists typically prescribe exercises to improve strength and flexibility in the QL muscle, which can help to reduce pain, improve posture, and restore normal function of the abdominal muscles. Common exercises include:

  • Core stabilization exercises
  • Stretching exercises such as downward dog pose or cobra pose
  • Low-impact aerobic exercise (such as walking or swimming)
  • Dynamic stretches (such as hip circles)
  • Resisted exercises using bands or weights
  • Isometric contractions

These exercises should be performed under the guidance of a licensed physical therapist in order to ensure proper form, intensity level, frequency, progression/regression over time.


The QL muscle, also known as the quadratus lumborum, is a large muscle group located at the side of our lower back. Strengthening this muscle group is essential for maintaining proper posture and preventing back pain.

Physical therapy is an effective way to strengthen the QL muscle and to reduce the risk of injury. Let’s examine the effects of physical therapy on the QL muscle and how it can help prevent injuries.

Tips for Preventing QL Muscle Injury

The Quadratus Lumborum (QL) muscle is a large, flat, diamond-shaped muscle located in the lower back. It plays an important role in stabilizing the vertebral column and helping to maintain proper posture. Regular stretching and strengthening exercises can help reduce the risk of injury or overuse of the QL muscle.

Here are a few tips for preventing injury or strain to this muscle:

  1. Strengthen core muscles with exercises like planks, side bridges and squats.
  2. Stretch your QL daily using poses like spinal twists, cat-cow stretches, and seated forward folds.
  3. Avoid sitting for long periods of time as it can cause tightness in the QL muscle.
  4. Wear comfortable supportive shoes with good arch support when standing for long periods of time or walking on uneven terrain, as this can lead to pain in the lower back caused by an imbalance in the muscles of that area.
  5. Be mindful of your body mechanics such as lifting heavy objects with a neutral spine instead of bending at your waist to lift them up – this will avoid strain on your QL muscle and help promote better posture overall.

By following these tips you can prevent injuries related to the Quadratus Lumborum (QL) muscle and maintain a healthy spine and overall well-being!

FAQs about: Physical Therapy For Ql Muscle


Q: What is physical therapy for ql muscle pain?

A: Physical therapy for ql muscle pain is a type of treatment that involves exercises and stretches designed to reduce pain, improve mobility, and strengthen the muscles in the lower back, hips, and buttocks.

Q: What are the benefits of physical therapy for ql muscle pain?

A: The benefits of physical therapy for ql muscle pain include increased flexibility, improved posture, decreased muscle tension, enhanced joint mobility, improved balance, and enhanced core strength. Physical therapy can also help reduce pain, improve quality of life, and reduce the risk of further injury.

Q: How do I know if physical therapy is right for me?

A: It is important to consult with your doctor or physical therapist to determine if physical therapy is the right option for you. Your doctor or physical therapist can assess your condition and provide advice on the best course of action.

Similar Posts