The Best Diet for an Enlarged Prostate

Are you struggling with an enlarged prostate? If so, you’ll want to follow the best diet to help minimize symptoms and improve your overall health. This article will provide you with the best food and nutrition advice to help improve your prostate health.

Quick facts: Best Diet For Enlarged Prostate

✅ Men who consume large amounts of saturated fat may increase the risk of BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) and LUTS (Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms) according to a 2017 study published in The Journal of Urology.

  • Source: The Journal of Urology

✅ Eating a diet high in plant-based foods like fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, and whole grains can help reduce the risk of BPH and LUTS according to a 2019 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

  • Source: Journal of the American Medical Association

✅ A Mediterranean-style diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts and seeds, and fish can help reduce the risk of developing BPH and LUTS according to a 2016 study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

  • Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

✅ Eating a diet high in red and processed meats may be linked to an increased risk of BPH and LUTS according to a 2019 study published in The Prostate.

  • Source: The Prostate

✅ Drinking alcohol in moderation has been linked to a lower risk of BPH and LUTS according to a 2017 study published in the World Journal of Urology.

  • Source: World Journal of Urology

Understanding an Enlarged Prostate

An enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is a common condition affecting men over the age of fifty. It is caused by the overgrowth of some of the prostate tissue, and can often lead to symptoms such as increased frequency or urgency of urination, weak and interrupted urinary stream, or urinary tract infections.

Understanding the causes and symptoms of an enlarged prostate can help you decide on the best diet for you.

What is an enlarged prostate?

An enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is a common condition among older men. It occurs when the prostate gland becomes abnormally large, putting pressure on the urethra and bladder. Symptoms can range from increased urinary frequency to difficulty urinating, or even complete blockage of the urethra. While it does not usually cause pain, an enlarged prostate can be very uncomfortable.

Diet is an important factor in managing an enlarged prostate. Eating certain foods may help reduce symptoms and slow the progression of BPH. Increasing intake of plant-based proteins like nuts and soy foods as well as fruits and vegetables can reduce oxidative damage to cells associated with BPH. Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish and other seafoods may also help reduce inflammation associated with BPH. Limiting caffeine intake and avoiding excessive salt or sugar are also important for managing BPH symptoms.

Making dietary changes is just one way to manage an enlarged prostate; additional treatments may be recommended by your doctor depending on your individual situation.

Causes of an enlarged prostate

An enlarged prostate—also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)—is a common condition in men over age 50. The prostate is a small, walnut- shaped gland that sits just below the bladder. If the prostate becomes enlarged, it can lead to problems with urination such as difficulty initiating a stream, weak urinary flow, frequent urges to urinate and difficulty completely emptying the bladder.

The cause of BPH is not completely understood, but many factors likely play a role. Some theorize that hormonal changes due to aging may be responsible for the enlargement of the prostate, while other research suggests that lifestyle factors such as diet may contribute to an enlarged prostate. Eating certain foods—particularly those high in fat and sugar—may increase your risk of developing an enlarged prostate. Conversely, eating certain healthy foods and following an overall healthy lifestyle may help reduce your risk for this condition.

Symptoms of an enlarged prostate

An enlarged prostate, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition that affects many men as they age. Symptoms of an enlarged prostate can include:

  • A frequent and urgent need to urinate
  • Feeling unable to empty the bladder completely
  • Getting up multiple times at night to urinate
  • Difficulty starting or stopping the flow of urine

The exact cause of an enlarged prostate is not known. However, it is believed that age-related hormonal changes as well as genetics may contribute to the condition. Diet may also play a role in how severe symptoms become: saturated fat and red meat has been linked with increased prostate volume; alternatively, eating foods high in fiber such as leafy greens and high-fiber whole grains like oats and quinoa may reduce symptoms associated with BPH.

Diet Recommendations

Maintaining the right diet can help improve your overall health while also helping to manage the size of your prostate. Eating foods that are rich in beneficial nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants can help reduce inflammation and support prostate health.

In this article, we’ll discuss the best dietary recommendations for those with an enlarged prostate:

Increase intake of fiber

Increasing your intake of dietary fiber is an important part of a dietary strategy for reducing the symptoms of an enlarged prostate. Dietary fiber can help reduce the risk of constipation, one of the most common symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate. Fiber also helps to absorb water in the digestive system, which can help soften stools and lessen straining during bowel movements, leading to a reduction in prostate enlargement-related symptoms.

There are two types of dietary fiber: soluble and insoluble. Soluble fiber comes from sources like oats, apples, oranges, and carrots; whereas insoluble fiber is found in foods like whole wheat breads and cereals. Increasing your intake of both types is important for optimal health and symptom relief.

Reduce intake of animal fat

Eating a diet with reduced animal fat is recommended for those suffering from an enlarged prostate. Animal fats are high in saturated fatty acids, and these can increase inflammation throughout the body. This is especially true when it comes to the prostate, since inflammation is often related to prostate enlargement.

Reducing intake of animal fats may help reduce this inflammation and lessen the symptoms of an enlarged prostate. Eating lean cuts of meat and dairy, or opting for plant-based protein options like beans and legumes can help reduce overall animal fat intake. Additionally, cutting down on processed foods or frying food will help lessen fatty acid intake even further.

By reducing one’s intake of animal fat, it is possible to reduce inflammation related to an enlarged prostate and maintain healthy bodily functions.

Increase intake of plant-based proteins

Eating a plant-based diet can be beneficial in managing an enlarged prostate. Plant-based proteins are known to help reduce symptoms and overall prostate size. They are also an important source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber that can help support a healthy prostate. Examples of plant-based proteins include lentils, beans, nuts, seeds, and quinoa.

Including more plant-based proteins in your diet may also reduce inflammation which can contribute to the development of BPH. Additionally, including plenty of fruits and vegetables in your diet is important for overall health as well as for maintaining healthy hormone levels which can help manage BPH symptoms. Eating plenty of fiber from both fruits and vegetables is recommended for promoting regular bowel movements which can reduce urinary difficulties caused by an enlarged prostate.

Increase intake of omega-3 fatty acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are an important dietary component for men with enlarged prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids are found in a variety of food sources including fish and seafood, plant-based oils such as flax seed, and nuts like walnuts and almonds.

Increasing intake of omega-3 fatty acids helps reduce inflammation in the body, which is beneficial for men who have an enlarged prostate. Additionally, omega-3 fatty acids may help improve urinary flow and reduce symptoms such as frequent urination. Furthermore, research has shown that omega-3 fatty acid intake may help prevent or slow the progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a condition characterized by an enlarged prostate.

To maximize the benefits of omega-3s, it’s best to pair them with a healthy diet consisting of other key nutrients including:

  • Plant proteins
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables

Foods to Avoid

An enlarged prostate can be a serious health issue and changes to your diet can help alleviate the symptoms. It is important to be aware of which foods can be potentially harmful for an enlarged prostate. Certain types of food can increase levels of certain hormones and chemicals that can further worsen the condition.

Let’s dive into which foods to avoid and why:

Avoid processed foods

Processed foods are a major contributor to enlarged prostate issues. These foods contain artificial additives and preservatives that have been linked to inflammation and other health problems. Processed foods also tend to be high in sodium, which can increase symptoms of an enlarged prostate such as frequent urination.

It’s best to avoid processed meats, packaged snacks, canned soups, and frozen dinners. These all contain additives like nitrates or MSG (monosodium glutamate). Instead, opt for lean proteins like fish or low-fat dairy products, vegetables and whole grains. Eating a diet that is rich in fiber from these foods may help lower the risk of developing prostate cancer or other health issues associated with an enlarged prostate.

Avoid high-fat dairy products

The best diet for an enlarged prostate is one low in fat. High-fat dairy products such as full-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese should be avoided. These items are high in saturated fats and can lead to an increase in testosterone levels, which can contribute to prostate enlargement.

Also, try to limit your intake of red meat and processed meats such as hot dogs, bacon and lunch meats, as these foods can be high in unhealthy fats. Instead, opt for eating fish twice a week for a healthier source of protein and essential omega-3 fatty acids that can aid in protecting the prostate from inflammation.

Finally, limit your intake of sugar-laden foods and drinks such as cakes, cookies, pastries, sports drinks and sodas. Eating too much sugar may interfere with the body’s ability to regulate hormones that affect prostate health.

Avoid high-sodium foods

It is important for people with an enlarged prostate to pay attention to the amount of sodium they are consuming. High-sodium foods can increase symptoms of an enlarged prostate, such as frequent urination. Foods high in sodium include processed meats, canned soups, salted nuts and seeds, pickles, olives and other salty snacks. It is recommended that people with an enlarged prostate should consume no more than 2,400 milligrams of sodium per day.

Other foods such as refined carbohydrates and trans fats should also be avoided when dealing with an enlarged prostate due to their negative effects on overall health. It is important to focus on whole grains and lean proteins that are low in saturated fat when building a healthy diet plan. Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables will also help to reduce symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate.


Exercise is an important part of managing an enlarged prostate, as it can help to reduce inflammation and improve overall health and well-being. Exercise can also reduce the risk of complications associated with this condition.

Let’s take a closer look at the best types of exercise for an enlarged prostate:

Benefits of exercise for an enlarged prostate

Exercise is an effective way to help alleviate symptoms of an enlarged prostate. Aerobic exercise such as walking, jogging and biking can reduce swelling in the prostate and help to improve urinary flow. It also helps strengthen the urinary sphincter muscles, which can help with controlling urine leakage. Additionally, it may reduce stress and anxiety which can be contributors to the condition’s severity.

Meanwhile, pelvic floor exercises are recommended for those suffering from an enlarged prostate due to their ability to strengthen and stretch pelvic floor muscles that may have become weakened due to ongoing inflammation in the prostate. Kegel exercises, which involve repeatedly contracting and releasing pelvic floor muscles, are particularly beneficial for improving urinary control. Further exercise advice would come from a healthcare provider who is experienced in this area of health.

Types of exercise to consider

When it comes to exercise, there are a variety of types that can be beneficial for an enlarged prostate. These exercises should focus on lower body strength and endurance. Any type of aerobic exercise, such as walking, jogging, swimming, or cycling can help improve overall fitness and help reduce the size of an enlarged prostate. Additionally, yoga or Pilates can help with flexibility while strength training with weights or resistance bands can help build muscle strength in areas such as your legs, back and core.

It is important to keep in mind that while any amount of exercise is beneficial for health no matter one’s size and age; however it is recommended that both adults and seniors get at least 30 minutes physical activity each day of moderate intensity aerobic exercise most days of the week. It’s also important to remember to warm up beforehand by doing a few light stretches and cool down afterwards with some stretching once finished exercising.

Safety tips for exercise

Exercising with an enlarged prostate can be a tricky proposition. Intense activities like running or biking can make it difficult to control your bathroom habits and lead to embarrassing or dangerous situations. That’s why it’s important to take the proper safety precautions when exercising with an enlarged prostate.

  • Firstly, it is important to warm up before any activity. Starting with light stretching and walking for five to 10 minutes is an effective way to get your muscles ready for more strenuous exercise. This also gives your body time adjust to the movement and avoid any sharp pains during the workout.
  • Generally, you should choose low-impact exercises that don’t strain you too much while still providing benefits such as improved cardiovascular health and muscle tone. Swimming, yoga, pilates, gentler forms of weight training – all these can help without over-stressing your body.
  • Finally, make sure you have access a bathroom any time during the exercise session in case of urgent needs!


Supplements are a great way to get the nutrients and vitamins that can help with the symptoms of an enlarged prostate. They can contain ingredients such as saw palmetto, pygeum, and beta-sitosterol that may help reduce inflammation and improve bladder function. Other supplements such as omega-3 fatty acids, zinc, and selenium may also help reduce the size of the prostate.

Let’s take a look at the kinds of supplements that may be beneficial for an enlarged prostate:

Benefits of supplements for an enlarged prostate

Supplements can provide beneficial results for people suffering from an enlarged prostate. The most common supplement used is the extract of Saw Palmetto, which is an herb native to North America. This herb has been used for centuries to treat a range of conditions, including urinary tract infections, prostate and bladder problems, and even hair loss. Saw Palmetto contains compounds which may reduce levels of certain hormones linked to enlargement of the prostate.

Other possible supplements which may offer benefits for those with enlarged prostates include:

  • Omega-3 fatty acids
  • Lycopene
  • Zinc
  • Selenium

These supplements are thought to help improve symptoms such as difficulty urinating or frequent urges to urinate. Additionally, they can reduce inflammation in the prostate area and help prevent the further enlargement of the affected tissue. It is important to remember that supplements should always be taken under medical supervision and not as a substitute for any prescribed treatments or therapies.

Types of supplements to consider

If you are experiencing an enlarged prostate, there are several types of supplements that may be beneficial. Some of the most common types of supplements that can help reduce the size of your prostate include saw palmetto, beta-sitosterol, plant sterols, Pygeum africanum, and pumpkin seed oil. While these supplements may help reduce the size of your prostate, it’s important to consult with your doctor before taking any new treatments or supplements.

Saw palmetto is an herbal supplement derived from the fruit of a palm tree native to North America. It is believed to block DHT (dihydrotestosterone), a hormone that plays a role in enlarging the prostate. Beta-sitosterol is found naturally in plants and is believed to reduce inflammation caused by BPH. Plant sterols contain fatty acids that are believed to have anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Pygeum africanum is made from the bark of a tree native to Africa and thought to have anti-inflammatory properties which aid in reducing BPH symptoms. Pumpkin seed oil may also be helpful in reducing some symptoms associated with BPH due to its high fatty acid content.

These dietary supplements may be beneficial for reducing the size of your enlarged prostate but should only be taken after discussing them with your doctor.

Safety tips for supplements

When considering dietary supplements and natural treatments for enlarged prostate, it’s important to consider safety. While dietary supplements can provide some beneficial effects, it’s important to understand the potential risks before using them.

First, look for a product that has been tested for safety by an independent laboratory. It is also advisable to talk with your primary care doctor or a nutritionist before taking any type of supplement to make sure it won’t interfere with other medications you are taking or have any other potentially harmful interactions with your health conditions.

Also keep in mind that supplements are not regulated the same way as medications. Therefore, they may not be subject to the same testing or quality control standards as pharmaceutical products, so you should always do your research on the product and supplier before purchasing. Finally, if you experience side effects while taking a supplement, talk to your doctor right away.

FAQs about: Best Diet For Enlarged Prostate

Q. What is the best diet for enlarged prostate?

A. The best diet for enlarged prostate is one that is low in fat, high in fiber, and full of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Eating foods that are rich in healthy fats, such as omega-3 fatty acids, can also help. Eating foods that are high in vitamin D, such as salmon, mushrooms, and fortified milk, can also be beneficial. Additionally, limiting alcohol and caffeine consumption can help reduce symptoms.

Q. Are there any foods I should avoid if I have an enlarged prostate?

A. Foods that are high in saturated fats, such as red meat, full-fat dairy products, and processed foods should be avoided. Additionally, limiting your intake of caffeine and alcohol can help reduce symptoms. Finally, avoiding high-sodium foods is also important, as sodium can cause fluid retention and worsen symptoms.

Q. What supplements can help with an enlarged prostate?

A. Supplements such as saw palmetto, lycopene, and beta-sitosterol can be beneficial for reducing symptoms of an enlarged prostate. Additionally, zinc and selenium have been found to reduce symptoms in some cases. It is important to talk to your doctor before taking any supplements to ensure they are safe for you.

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