The Best Diet for Dogs with Urinary Tract Infections

Are you worried about the health of your dog who is suffering from urinary tract infection? Discover the best diet to get your furry friend back to full health. You can make simple and effective dietary changes today to help soothe your pet’s UTI symptoms.

Quick facts: Best Diet For Dogs With Urinary Tract Infections

  • ✅ Freshwater should be easily accessible to dogs with urinary tract infections at all times; it helps flush out bacteria and prevents further infections (American Kennel Club).
  • ✅ It is important that dogs with urinary tract infections be fed a diet high in proteins, such as lean meats, fish, and eggs (American Kennel Club).
  • ✅ Low-fat, low-salt diets are important for dogs with urinary tract infections, as salt and fat can aggravate the condition (American Veterinary Medical Association).
  • ✅ Foods with high concentrations of citric acid, such as citrus fruits, should be avoided, as they can cause irritation of the bladder and urinary tract (American Veterinary Medical Association).
  • ✅ Probiotics can be beneficial in improving the health of a dog’s urinary tract and bladder by increasing beneficial bacteria (Animal Biome).

Overview of Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can be a serious health risk for dogs and are often caused by a build-up of bacteria in the bladder or kidneys. UTIs can cause discomfort and can potentially lead to other more serious issues if not treated quickly.

Knowing the basics of urinary tract infections can help you to understand the best diet for your pet and ensure that they remain healthy.

Symptoms of UTI

Urinary tract infections, or UTIs, occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract and cause an infection. Symptoms of UTI in dogs include frequent and painful urination, blood in the urine, increased thirst and urinating outside of the litter box.

It is important to have your dog examined by a veterinarian if you suspect your pet may have a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). Your vet can run tests that will help diagnose the underlying cause, such as bacterial infection or bladder stones. The vet may also prescribe antibiotics for treatment.

In addition to medical treatment, there are dietary changes that can help treat UTIs in dogs. This includes:

  • Avoiding foods with high concentrations of protein and phosphorus;
  • Increasing water intake;
  • Feeding smaller, more frequent meals;
  • Feeding low-fat foods with high quality proteins;
  • Keeping the urinary tract clean by providing a dry environment for your dog to relieve themselves in; and
  • Ensuring that your dog’s yearly vaccinations are up-to-date.

Causes of UTI

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by bacteria entering the urinary tract, usually through the urethra. In dogs, this can occur due to contact with contaminated surfaces or other dogs’ urine, but there may be underlying medical causes as well such as lithiasis (bladder stones), anatomical problems within the urinary tract, immunodeficiency disorders, or diabetes.

Common signs of UTI in dogs include

  • frequent urination (small amounts)
  • difficulty urinating
  • strong odor

Other signs of infection may include

  • discolored or cloudy urine
  • bloating in the abdomen due to accumulation of fluids in the bladder
  • changes in behavior indicating pain, such as excessive licking of genitals
  • fever.

If your dog is showing any of these symptoms it’s important to seek veterinary care right away.

Diet Considerations

Diet plays an important role in how well your dog recovers from a urinary tract infection. There are several factors to consider when selecting the best possible diet for your fur baby. Let’s take a look at some of the key dietary considerations for dogs with UTIs:

Low-protein diets

If your dog has been diagnosed with a urinary tract infection (UTI), then you may want to switch your pup to a low-protein diet. High levels of protein can be difficult for dogs with UTIs to process and can worsen symptoms such as frequent urination and discomfort. Low-protein diets, on the other hand, are often recommended for dogs suffering from UTIs due to their ability to reduce the risk of recurrence.

A low-protein diet is usually composed of a smaller portion of meat and more carbohydrates than a regular dog diet. These diets may include boiled chicken, white rice, oatmeal and pasta as sources of lean protein. To make sure your pup is still getting enough nutrients, you should also supplement the food with vitamin supplements like cod liver oil.

To ensure that you’re giving your pup the right balance of vitamins and minerals for their particular situation, it’s best to consult with your vet before making any drastic changes in diet.

High-fiber diets

When it comes to the best diet for dogs with urinary tract infections, the consensus amongst most experts is to recommend high-fiber diets. High-fiber diets help to dilute concentrated urine and can reduce the recurrence of infection. Generally, these diets contain whole grains, oats, barley and other healthy sources of dietary fiber. Foods like legumes and beans are also good sources of fiber and should be included in a canine’s diet if possible.

Additionally, high-fiber diets should be supplemented with lots of water to keep urine diluted. Fiber helps bulk stool and aids in keeping a dog’s digestive system working effectively; this helps prevent UTIs from recurring or becoming more severe.

Finally, providing plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables is beneficial because they are high in antioxidants which support your pet’s overall health and well-being.

Limited-ingredient diets

Limited-ingredient diets are recommended for dogs with urinary tract infections, as they can help manage and reduce inflammation in the urinary tract. This type of diet contains fewer ingredients than a traditional diet, and it attempts to use ingredients with low allergen potential.

It is particularly beneficial for dogs that have allergies or sensitivities to certain foods, as it eliminates ingredients that may be causing problems. Additionally, because the diet is prepared with fewer ingredients and those ingredients are easily identifiable, owners can quickly determine what foods are causing an issue for their dog and take steps to avoid them in the future.

For example, some limited-ingredient diets may contain only one source of animal protein such as chicken or fish. Limited-ingredient diets can also be supplemented with other natural items like fruits and vegetables to fill in any dietary needs not met by the single animal protein.

Foods to Avoid

If your dog has a urinary tract infection (UTI), it is important to provide them with meals that are low in protein and high in water content. Certain diets can help reduce the risk of UTI’s recurring. It is important to know the foods that should be avoided in order to keep your dog safe and healthy. Let’s take a look at the foods that you should avoid:

  • Foods high in fat and protein
  • Table scraps
  • Foods high in sugar
  • Processed foods
  • Canned foods
  • Foods with artificial colors, flavors, or preservatives

Human food

Human food is more likely to cause urinary tract infections in dogs than commercial dog food because it typically lacks the necessary nutrients for a healthy canine diet. Examples of human food that should be avoided by dogs with urinary tract infections are:

  • Fatty meats
  • Dairy products
  • Onions and garlic
  • Eggs and bacon
  • Chocolate
  • Grapes

Additionally, table scraps should also be avoided as the unknown ingredients can cause an adverse reaction. Furthermore, foods high in sodium can lead to dehydration which can in turn worsen the infection.

It is important that pet owners feed their dogs with urinary tract infections a nutritionally balanced diet that is formulated specifically for their individual needs. It may also help to provide wet or canned food in addition to dry kibble as this helps increase hydration which can reduce any inflammation or discomfort caused by the infection.

Table scraps

Table scraps should be avoided when feeding a dog with a urinary tract infection. The high fat content of these foods can irritate the bladder and put an unnecessary burden on the body’s digestive system. Table scraps may also contain ingredients like garlic, onions, chips, chocolate, and dairy that can be unhealthy for a canine’s urinary tract health. Additionally, they don’t offer the variety of nutrients that commercial dog food provides.

For dogs with UTIs, it is best to stick to commercially available dog food that has been specifically formulated and recommended by a veterinarian for this specific purpose. This type of diet will facilitate healing and provide the necessary nutrients for your pet’s overall health. Avoiding table scraps will help reduce the number of contaminants or bacteria from entering your pet’s body through their dietary intake which in turn can help reduce inflammation as well as other symptoms associated with UTIs:

  • High fat content can irritate the bladder.
  • Table scraps contain unhealthy ingredients for a canine’s urinary tract health.
  • Table scraps don’t offer the variety of nutrients that commercial dog food provides.
  • Avoiding table scraps reduces contaminants or bacteria from entering your pet’s body.
  • Reduces inflammation and other symptoms associated with UTIs.

High-fat foods

High-fat foods should be avoided when attempting to treat dogs with urinary tract infections. This is because the high fat content of these foods can increase the risk of developing pancreatitis and other gastrointestinal issues, as well as increase the risk of obesity and diabetes. Furthermore, high-fat diets can also put more stress on the kidneys, and dogs with UTIs already have a weakened immune system.

Some common high-fat foods that should be avoided include:

  • Fatty cuts of beef or pork
  • Fried foods
  • Hot dogs and sausages
  • Processed meats such as bacon and salami
  • Cream cheese, butter, peanut butter
  • Cream sauces and gravies

If you are feeding your dog treats or table scraps make sure to avoid these types of food items. Instead replace them with lean low-fat proteins such as chicken or fish cooked without additional fat or oil. Additionally you may want to switch from dry food to wet food which usually has a lower fat content than dry kibble.

Foods to Include

When it comes to diet changes for dogs with urinary tract infections, it is important to focus on foods that are rich in moisture and help soothe the infected bladder. It is also essential to provide adequate nutrition while avoiding foods that can worsen symptoms of UTI.

Let’s look at the best foods to include in a UTI-friendly diet for dogs:

Lean proteins

Lean proteins are an important part of any canine diet but especially for those with UTIs. Lean proteins provide essential nutrients and help to keep a pup’s energy levels up throughout the day. Great options include boiled chicken, lean ground beef, and white fish such as tilapia or cod. Look for products labeled low in fat and sodium since these can have a negative effect on the body.

Additionally, while tuna itself is high in protein and not necessarily bad for dogs, it can contain mercury so should be avoided when possible. When introducing new lean proteins it’s best to do so gradually to prevent any upset tummies.

Complex carbohydrates

Complex carbohydrates are an important part of a dog’s diet, especially if they are suffering from a urinary tract infection. Complex carbohydrates come from grains, legumes, and starchy vegetables such as sweet potatoes, peas, and corn. These carbohydrates break down slowly in the body and provide sustained energy to the dog throughout the day.

Some whole-grain foods specifically beneficial for dogs with urinary tract infections are brown rice and oatmeal. These grains help break down acidity in the urine which can cause further damage to an already inflamed bladder or tract. In addition to providing sustained energy, complex carbohydrates help move food along through the gastrointestinal tract which helps to reduce the bacteria that can cause UTI’s in dogs.

Fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables can provide essential vitamins and nutrients for dogs with urinary tract infections. When selecting fruits and vegetables, always choose natural, organic varieties when possible.

When it comes to fruits, apples, pears, bananas, blueberries and cranberries are all excellent choices for dogs with UTIs. For vegetables, look for dark leafy greens such as spinach or kale, squash varieties such as zucchini or pumpkin, and root vegetables like potatoes or carrots.

As a general rule of thumb, it’s important to avoid food items that contain sugar or too much sodium when feeding your pet a urinary tract infection diet. Additionally, while they may be healthy options overall – garlic and onions can cause digestive issues in your pet so limit its consumption when adding these items in small quantities to homemade meals.


Urinary tract infections in dogs can be managed and controlled by making dietary adjustments and supplementing their diet. By adding supplements to their diet, you can help reduce symptoms such as frequent urination and discomfort.

Let’s take a look at some of the most effective supplements for managing urinary tract infections in dogs:


Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that work to maintain a healthy balance of microorganisms in the intestine, aiding in digestion and absorption of essential nutrients. They can be administered as food additives or concentrated supplements, and are often recommended for dogs with urinary tract infections (UTIs). Probiotics help to restore the balance of beneficial bacteria in the dog’s GI tract, helping to reduce bacteria responsible for UTI infections.

The two main types of probiotics used for dogs are Enterococcus faecium (EF) and Bacillus coagulans (BC). EF has been known to combat UTIs, while BC is believed to be a powerful anti-inflammatory agent. Probiotics can also help reduce stress in dogs as they help promote relaxation. Adding probiotics as part of your dog’s diet can promote a healthy digestive system, which is essential for proper urine production and flow.

Cranberry extract

Cranberry extract is a great supplement for dogs suffering from urinary tract infections. Cranberries contain substances that interact with E-coli, which is one of the most common causes of UTI in dogs. The extract helps to prevent E-coli from sticking to the walls of the urinary tract and can reduce inflammation.

Cranberry extract also helps to acidify urine, improving the balance of pH levels in the bladder and providing bacteria with an environment more hostile for bacterial growth, reducing the chances of infection.

It is important however to use cranberry extract supplements specifically formulated and produced for canine use; human grade supplements can be too high in sugar and other ingredients that could be potentially harmful for your dog’s urinary health.

Omega-3 fatty acids

Omega-3 fatty acids, also referred to as fish oil, are an essential supplement in the diet of dogs with urinary tract infections (UTIs). Omega-3 fatty acids can help reduce inflammation, which is often associated with UTIs. It also helps reduce the risk of recurrence of the infection.

Omega-3 fatty acids can be found in several sources such as

  • fish oil
  • flaxseed oil
  • krill oil supplements

The amount required for a dog varies depending on its size and breed. Dogs should be given supplements under the supervision of a veterinarian who can determine how much omega-3 is necessary for an individual dog’s health.

FAQs about: Best Diet For Dogs With Urinary Tract Infections

Q: What is the best diet for a dog with a urinary tract infection?

A: The best diet for a dog with a urinary tract infection is a low-protein, low-fat, and low-sodium diet. Additionally, it is important to ensure the food is high in fiber, as this can help reduce the risk of further infection. Foods rich in antioxidants such as omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins A and E, and selenium can also help reduce inflammation. Additionally, it is important to provide plenty of water to help flush out the bacteria.

Q: What foods should be avoided for a dog with a urinary tract infection?

A: Foods to avoid for a dog with a urinary tract infection include those that are high in protein, fat, and sodium, such as processed meats, eggs, and cheese. Additionally, it is important to avoid any food that contains artificial sweeteners, preservatives, or dyes. Foods with high acidity, such as citrus fruits, should also be avoided.

Q: Are there any supplements that can help with a urinary tract infection in dogs?

A: Supplements that may help with a urinary tract infection in dogs include cranberry extract, D-mannose, and probiotics. Additionally, omega-3 fatty acids can help reduce inflammation and improve the overall health of the urinary tract. It is important to consult with a veterinarian before starting any supplements, as some may interfere with other medications.

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