The Best Diet for Dogs with Epilepsy

Is your dog suffering from epilepsy? You may be wondering what the best diet is for your furry friend. This article will explain why an epilepsy-specific diet is the best option for your pup. Don’t miss out on this important information – read on to find out more!

Quick facts: Best Diet For Dogs With Epilepsy

✅ Omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the frequency of seizures in epileptic dogs. (Dr. Ernie Ward)

✅ A low glycemic index diet may reduce the number of seizures in epileptic dogs. (Harvard Medical School)

✅ A high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet has been shown to improve seizure control in epileptic dogs. (Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine)

✅ Increasing dietary fiber may reduce the severity or frequency of epileptic seizures in dogs. (American Kennel Club)

✅ A diet low in excitatory amino acids may be beneficial in reducing the frequency of epileptic seizures in dogs. (Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association)

Overview of Epilepsy in Dogs

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that affects dogs and can cause seizures, behavioural changes and other health issues. It is important to understand the condition of epilepsy in dogs as it can help develop an appropriate diet plan to improve their health.

In this article, let’s take a look at the overview of epilepsy in dogs and how it affects their diet:

Causes of Epilepsy in Dogs

Epilepsy in dogs is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. While the exact cause of this condition is not known, there are some known factors that can cause seizures in dogs. Hereditary predisposition is a common factor, as well as genetic mutations, brain injuries, metabolic disorders and even poisoning from certain medications or toxins. Additionally, some breeds such as the Beagle and Belgian Tervuren are more prone to developing epilepsy than others. Many seizures are idiopathic, meaning that no cause can be identified for them.

Epilepsy can also be secondary to other underlying diseases that affect the brain such as hormonal imbalances or cancerous tumors. It is important to identify any underlying issues since some causes of epilepsy are treatable or may require lifetime management as part of good seizure control. A thorough medical history and physical examination with your veterinarian will help determine if there is an underlying medical issue contributing to your dog’s seizures.

Symptoms of Epilepsy in Dogs

Epilepsy in dogs is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. These seizures can vary in type, intensity, and duration, and can occur at any age or breed. Common symptoms of canine epilepsy include:

  • Stiffness and jerking of the body or limbs
  • Uncontrollable paddling—similar to running in place
  • Drooling
  • Uncontrollable urination or defecation
  • Staring off into the distance
  • Collapsing

Seizures usually last 1-3 minutes but sometimes they may last longer. Epileptic dogs may experience brief episodes of confusion after a seizure has ended. If a seizure lasts more than 5 minutes or if your pet experiences two or more close together (cluster seizures), seek medical attention right away as your pet may require intensive supportive care to help reverse the episode.

Diet Considerations

Diet can play a major role in managing epilepsy in dogs. To ensure optimal nutrition and minimize the risk of seizures, it is important to feed your dog an appropriate diet. Studies have shown that certain dietary modifications can help reduce or even eliminate seizures in dogs with epilepsy.

Let’s discuss the different dietary considerations you should keep in mind when feeding your dog:

High-Quality Protein Sources

High-quality protein sources are important for dogs with epilepsy. Protein is an essential nutrient for many bodily functions, including maintaining the brain and nervous system. Protein also helps maintain muscle mass, which is important during periods of sickness or extended seizures.

The best sources of high-quality proteins for dogs with epilepsy include:

  • lean meats such as turkey, chicken, and beef;
  • fish such as salmon and tuna;
  • eggs; and
  • legumes such as chickpeas and lentils.

It’s important to ensure that these proteins are cooked thoroughly to prevent food-borne illnesses like salmonella. Additionally, when selecting meat for your dog it is best to choose organic or grassfed cuts of meat in order to avoid potentially harmful hormones administered to feedlot animals. For those owners who cannot afford grassfed beef, poultry is an excellent alternative that can still provide essential nutrients without the same financial investment.

Low-Glycemic Carbohydrates

Low-Glycemic Carbohydrates are carbohydrates that are digested and absorbed more slowly than other types of carbohydrates, making them a good choice for dogs with epilepsy. Examples of low-Glycemic Carbohydrates include sweet potatoes, barley, oats, quinoa, brown rice. These carbohydrates have a lower glycemic index than other processed carbs like white flour and white rice and contain beneficial dietary fiber.

Fiber helps to slow the digestion process and provides long-lasting energy. Dogs with epilepsy can benefit from this type of carbohydrate because it provides sustained energy levels for longer periods of time and does not contribute to rapid fluctuations in blood glucose levels which can lead to seizures.

Healthy Fats

A healthy diet for dogs with epilepsy should include good sources of healthy fats. Fats are a great source of energy for your pup, and can also help them to absorb fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamin A and E. Fats can come from fatty fish such as salmon, sardines, or herring; nuts and seeds; raw eggs; free-range poultry; or cold-pressed oils. It’s important to limit fat intake overall, however—excess fat in the diet can lead to pancreatitis in dogs with epilepsy, which could potentially worsen seizure activity.

Fish oil supplements may also be beneficial for dogs with epilepsy due to the anti-inflammatory properties attributed to fatty acids.

Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and minerals play an essential role in your dog’s health overall, but for those dogs with epilepsy, it’s even more important to be sure they get enough of these vital nutrients.

The vitamins your dog needs most are vitamin A, B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid and biotin) and vitamin C. Minerals like zinc can also benefit your pup’s health.

A high-quality diet made from whole food ingredients is best since it provides the full range of necessary vitamins and minerals that only comes from natural sources. Homemade diets can be used but must include all the vitamins and minerals for a healthy balanced diet for dogs with epilepsy. Supplementation is recommended when feeding homemade diets as it ensures that your pup is getting all the necessary nutrients their body needs for optimal health.

Feeding Guidelines

When caring for a dog with epilepsy, providing a well-balanced diet is essential. Proper nutrition is important to keep your pet healthy and to provide maximum relief from epileptic symptoms.

When putting together a diet plan for your dog with epilepsy, there are certain guidelines to follow. In this article, we’ll cover the basics of feeding a dog with epilepsy:

Frequency of Feeding

Feeding frequency is an important part of the diet for dogs with epilepsy. For most dogs, it is recommended to feed them twice daily, ideally spaced out 12 hours apart. This helps to maintain stable blood sugar levels and reduce hunger between meals. The amount of food given at each meal should be controlled and one should aim for a meal size that will be finished within 15–20 minutes.

Offering smaller meals more frequently may help reduce seizures in some epileptic dogs. Additionally, it is best to feed the same diet consistently and avoid sudden changes to the diet or introducing novel foods as this can cause intestinal disorders leading to increased seizure activity.

Portion Sizes

It is important to get the portion size right when feeding your dog with epilepsy. Your dog’s daily dietary needs will depend on their size, age, activity level, and other factors. Talk to your veterinarian about how much food your dog should eat each day as well as how many meals they should have each day.

A good rule of thumb is to divide the recommended daily amount into

  • two smaller meals a day for smaller dogs
  • and three for larger dogs.

In general, you should feed your adult dog

  • one-third of their total daily calories in the morning
  • and two-thirds in the evening.

You can adjust this ratio based on your dog’s activity level and preference. Be sure to provide fresh water throughout the day as well.

Treats and Snacks

When it comes to treats and snacks, moderation is key. You want to make sure that your dog with epilepsy has a balanced diet of treats just as you would with any other dog. Look for treats that are low in fat and sugar, as these can trigger seizures. Also try to find treats made with natural ingredients for a healthier option.

If giving your dog anything other than store-bought treats, be sure to get a veterinarian’s approval first. That way, you know exactly what ingredients are okay for your pup and avoid any potential triggers.


Supplements can be a great addition to any diet, but especially for dogs with epilepsy. Proper supplementation can help to improve your dog’s overall health and well-being while helping to reduce the risk of seizures.

Let’s look into the supplements that are best for your epileptic dog:

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 fatty acids are essential fatty acids that play a vital role in the overall health of a dog with epilepsy. Omega-3 fatty acids are found in high concentrations in certain fish like salmon, tuna and sardines, as well as Krill oil, flaxseed oil, and canola oil.

Some of the primary functions of omega-3 fatty acids are to reduce inflammation, maintain optimal nerve function, support the immune system and reduce cholesterol levels. A supplement containing omega 3 fatty acids can be beneficial for any type of dog with seizures because they help to control inflammation throughout the body. This helps reduce the severity of seizures and helps your pet’s body stay healthy overall.

Omega-3 supplements also have numerous other benefits such as:

  • Supporting skin health
  • Reducing joint pain
  • Promoting brain development
  • Affecting behavior positively

In order to see an effect from these supplements it is important to feed your pup omega 3’s on a daily basis!

Vitamin B Complex

Vitamin B Complex supplements are a great supplement to help dogs with Epilepsy. This group of vitamins is made up of 8 individual nutrients, which help the body to keep cells, brains, and muscles functioning properly. The B vitamins also provide energy and strengthen the immune system. Additionally, Vitamin B complex can help reduce inflammation in the body when taken alongside Omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, probiotics and enzymes.

Vitamin B Complex supplements have been shown to reduce seizure activity in some dogs with Epilepsy. It’s important to speak with your vet before giving your dog any medication or dietary supplement as guidelines for dosing may vary depending on their weight and age.


Magnesium is a mineral that plays an important role in the body, including in nerve and muscle function, and it may be especially beneficial for dogs with epilepsy. Magnesium is thought to help regulate electrical impulses through the brain and may help reduce the severity of seizures. It has also been studied as a treatment for anxiety symptoms in dogs.

Magnesium supplementation is available in several forms, such as magnesium chloride, magnesium citrate and magnesium gluconate. The type of supplementation and exact dosage will depend on your dog’s size, health condition and other supplements they may be taking. It’s important to consult with your veterinarian before supplementing your dog’s diet with any kind of supplement.


After thorough research, it has been concluded that the best diet for dogs with epilepsy is one that is low in carbohydrates, high in protein, and has a limited number of ingredients. This type of diet can help reduce the frequency of seizures, provide dogs with essential nutrients, and keep them healthy overall.

In addition, it is important to understand the differences between commercial and homemade diets and to talk to your veterinarian about the best options for your pet.

Summary of the Best Diet for Dogs with Epilepsy

The best diet for dogs with epilepsy involves a balanced, calorie-controlled diet that is high in quality protein and unsaturated fatty acids. In addition to increasing the amount of quality protein, it is important to provide food supplemented with omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, such as fish oils, flaxseed oil, and coconut oil. Dogs with epilepsy should also have their diets supplemented with B vitamins and antioxidants, such as vitamin E, Vitamin C, and selenium.

While there is no single “best” diet for dogs with epilepsy, a combination of the above dietary guidelines can help to provide the necessary nutritional requirements for optimal health. An important part of providing the best diet for dogs with epilepsy is avoiding foods that are high in refined carbohydrates or processed fats. In addition to providing a nutritionally balanced diet tailored to their individual needs, regular exercise and proper medical care are also essential in maintaining a dog’s overall wellbeing.

FAQs about: Best Diet For Dogs With Epilepsy

Q: What is the best diet for dogs with epilepsy?

A: The best diet for dogs with epilepsy is a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet, such as a ketogenic diet. This type of diet has been found to help reduce the frequency and severity of seizures.

Q: What foods should be avoided when feeding a dog with epilepsy?

A: Foods that should be avoided when feeding a dog with epilepsy are high-carbohydrate foods such as grains, potatoes, and sweet potatoes. Foods that contain artificial sweeteners, preservatives, and dyes should also be avoided.

Q: What types of supplements may be beneficial for dogs with epilepsy?

A: Supplements that may be beneficial for dogs with epilepsy include omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin E and B-vitamins, magnesium, and curcumin. It is important to speak with your veterinarian before giving your dog any supplements.

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