The Best Diet for Chickens to Lay Eggs

Do you want your chickens to lay healthy eggs? Find out what the best diet is for chickens to lay abundant, nutritious eggs! With the right food and nutrition, you can ensure high-quality production and egg yield from your poultry.

Quick facts: Best Diet For Chickens To Lay Eggs

  • ✅ A diet rich in calcium and protein helps chickens produce more eggs – Poultry DVM
  • ✅ Adding Sulphur and phosphorus to a chicken’s diet helps to improve egg quality – The Spruce
  • ✅ A healthy and balanced diet will help to promote a healthy egg-laying cycle – The Happy Chicken Coop
  • ✅ Adding green leafy vegetables and grains to a chicken’s diet can help improve egg production – Countryside
  • ✅ Offering chickens a diet rich in Omega-3 fatty acids can help to improve the quality of the egg yolk – Backyard Chickens


Raising chickens for egg production requires understanding the specific dietary needs of chickens so that they are able to lay eggs on a consistent basis. Feeding your chickens the right combination of food will ensure that they remain healthy and happy, as well as maximize their egg-laying potential. The best diet for chickens to lay eggs is one that provides a nutritionally balanced diet with sufficient energy, protein, vitamins and minerals.

The most important component of a chicken’s diet is energy. Chickens require sufficient energy to maintain health and vitality, so it is important to provide them with foods such as grains, nuts or seeds that are high in carbohydrates. Protein is also essential for proper growth and development, so chicken feed should contain at least 15% protein content. Vitamins A and E are important in promoting good health, while calcium-rich foods such as oyster shell or crushed eggshells will help build strong shells around the eggs. Finally, make sure that your flock has access to fresh water at all times!

Nutritional Requirements

An important factor in a chicken’s ability to lay eggs is proper nutrition. Having a balanced diet will ensure that chickens receive the energy and nutrients they need to produce strong shells and maintain good health. Therefore, it is important to understand the optimal nutritional requirements for chickens in order to help them lay eggs. Let’s take a look.


Protein is absolutely essential to your chickens’ health! This nutrient helps them to grow, maintain their body weight, and lay eggs. It is important for the chicken to source protein from a variety of sources including flax seed oil (an excellent source), legumes, mealworms, insects, and cracked grains.

When feeding your chickens a complete feed (e.g., a pellet or mash that already contains all the necessary vitamins and minerals), you should still supplement their diet with extra sources of protein such as sunflower seeds or meat scraps. A balanced diet of 18-20% protein will keep your hens healthy and laying eggs consistently year-round. Be sure to avoid processed snacks such as potato chips or corn chips as they do not contain enough high quality proteins.


Fats are a major nutrient requirement for chickens in order to produce eggs. Fats contain essential fatty acids such as linoleic acid and omega-3 fatty acids, which are important for egg production, development, and overall health of the laying hen. Fats also provide energy for chickens as well as providing a source of essential fatty acids. Commercial feed should include at least 3-4% fat.

Fat can be added to the diet through seed oils such as flaxseed oil, fish oil, or canola oil. Chickens may also benefit from adding fat sources such as nut butters or full-fat yogurt to their diet. It is important that fats be kept out of direct sunlight and stored properly in order to prevent them from becoming rancid.

Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and minerals play an important role in a chicken’s diet for laying eggs. The vitamins chickens need for egg production include vitamins A, B1, B2, B5, B6, B12, and E. Minerals that are especially important to egg production include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, salt (sodium chloride), and sulfur.

A diet rich in these vitamins and minerals is essential for optimum egg production.

Chickens should have access to a balanced feed that includes:

  • Fresh fruits and vegetables such as corn or squash
  • High-protein meals like fishmeal or meat meal that provide essential amino acids like methionine
  • Dietary fat from sources like vegetable oil or fish oil for energy in order to produce eggs
  • Ample clean water to help ensure that hens are properly hydrated for optimal health and egg production


As any chicken keeper knows, a good diet is essential for chickens to lay healthy and nutritious eggs. A balanced chicken feed should include a variety of nutrient sources, and be tailored to the age and size of the chickens.

Let’s look at the different types of feed available, and how they can benefit your chickens:

Commercial Feeds

Commercial feeds are specially formulated to ensure chickens get a balanced diet and lay lots of nutrients-rich eggs. The amount of feed will depend on the size, age and type of chicken being kept.

Generally, most commercial feeds come with a selection of grain-based ingredients including maize, wheat, oats or barley as well as protein sources such as fishmeal, soya bean meal or full fat soya. Essential amino acids (lysine and methionine) may also be found in commercial feeds to ensure the chickens get all the nutrition they need for egg-laying. Vitamins and minerals can also be included in these varieties to help boost the health of chickens and their egg production.

Commercial feed should be given to poultry from when they are chicks up until around one month before they start producing eggs – when they should be given layer feed instead.

Homemade Feeds

For chickens that are healthy and happy, preparing a homemade feed is a great way to ensure they get the necessary nutrition. Homemade feeds can provide your chickens with higher levels of protein and essential vitamins and minerals than commercially available feeds do. When making homemade feed, it’s important to use high-quality, fresh ingredients for optimal nutrition.

Options for homemade feed include a combination of:

  • Fresh greens (such as grass clippings or kale)
  • Grains (such as wheat, oats, or millet)
  • Legumes (such as beans)
  • Supplemental items (such as eggshells or insect larvae)

Additionally, adding some sources of fat such as flaxseed oil or fish meal will help provide the energy needed for your chickens to produce eggs. It’s essential to make sure all ingredients are free from mold and pesticides before feeding them to your chickens. Additionally, keeping the homemade feed stored in an airtight container will help preserve its quality.

Feeding Schedule

A balanced and nutritious diet, with suitable feeding times, is essential for all chickens to lay eggs. A good feeding schedule for chickens should include a mixture of high-quality protein sources, such as grains and legumes, as well as other essential vitamins and minerals.

Let’s look at how to create the best diet for a chicken to lay eggs:


The amount of food that a chicken needs depends on their age and size, as well as their activity level. Generally, a young (under 6 months) active leghorn hen needs approximately 3/4 cup of feed per day to maintain an ideal weight. An older hen will eat up to a cup per day depending on her activity level. As chickens get older, they need larger amounts of feed; for every two weeks after 12 months old, increase the daily ration by 1/4 cup to keep the chicken healthy. With proper nutrition and exercise, hens can lay eggs at 18 months or beyond.

In addition to their daily feed ration, chickens should always have access to clean water and fresh vegetable scraps such as spinach or cucumber in order to maintain balanced nutrition. Regular treats such as mealworms or scratch grain can also be provided in moderation. Monitor your chickens’ health regularly and adjust their diet accordingly if necessary.


Frequency refers to how often your chickens should be fed each day. While chickens eat in the morning and midday, it is important to give them food throughout the entire day. If you feed them all their food in the morning or at night, they may become deficient in essential nutrients.

The best practice is to feed your chickens two meals a day, one in the morning and one in the evening. Additionally, make sure that the quantity of food supplied is enough for all of your chickens to eat without aggression or competition at mealtimes. Finally, keep a close eye on their eating habits and adjust as necessary – sometimes chickens need more food than other times depending on their appetite levels or seasonal changes. Feeding your chickens just twice a day will ensure they have access to enough food while still receiving adequate nutrition.


When looking for the best diet to feed your chickens in order to get the most eggs, you should consider a balanced and high-calorie diet that is high in calcium, protein, and other essential vitamins and minerals. A well-rounded feed supplemented with healthy treats, such as insects or leafy greens, can be a great way to ensure your chickens are getting all of the nutrients they need to maintain healthy laying habits.

Additionally, choosing feed based on the needs of your particular breed will help you provide them with the best nutrition possible. By understanding the requirements of a proper chicken diet, you can create the ideal condition for your backyard flock to lay delicious eggs all year round!

FAQs about: Best Diet For Chickens To Lay Eggs

Q1. What is the best feed for chickens to lay eggs?

A1. The best feed for chickens to lay eggs is a balanced commercial feed specifically formulated for laying hens. It should be high in protein and calcium to promote strong eggshells.

Q2. How much feed should I give my chickens?

A2. You should provide your chickens with 1/4 to 1/2 pound of feed per bird per day. You can also supplement with greens, insects, and kitchen scraps.

Q3. How often should I give my chickens treats?

A3. Treats should only be given once or twice a week. Too many treats can cause your chickens to become overweight and stop laying eggs.

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